Hyoscine is an antispasmodic drug used to relieve stomach cramps.
What are hyoscine’s uses?
Hyoscine is used to relieve cramps in the stomach, intestine and genito-urinary tract (bladder and tubes leading to the outside).
Its benefits include treating cramps caused by:
- Stomach pain
- Flatulence (wind)
- The symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a common disorder that affects the large intestine
What dosage should you take?
For adults, the dosage (in tablet form) is 10 to 20mg three to four times daily.
For children, the recommended dosages are:
- One to three months: 2.5mg three times daily
- Three months to one year: 2.5 to 5mg three times daily
- One to three years: 5 to 10mg three times daily
- Three to six years: 10mg three times daily
- Six to twelve years: 10mg to 20mg three times daily
However, always check the correct dosages with your Clicks pharmacist first.
What special precautions should you take?
- If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, use hyoscine only if your doctor gives approval.
- It may reduce sweating and thus increase your risk of overheating during exercise.
- It must be used with caution in the elderly.
- Rather avoid alcohol when taking it.
Hyoscine should be avoided if you suffer from the following conditions:
- Glaucoma (an eye disorder that results in optic nerve damage)
- Stomach obstructions
- Porphyria (a group of rare genetic disorders that affect mainly the skin or nervous system)
- Myasthenia gravis (an autoimmune neuromuscular disease)
Hyoscine should be used with caution if you suffer from the following conditions (first consult with your doctor or Clicks pharmacist):
- Liver disease
- Kidney disease
What drug interactions could you experience?
To avoid adverse drug interactions, always inform your doctor or Clicks pharmacist what prescription and non-prescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements and herbal products you are taking or planning to take.
What are hyoscine’s side effects?
Side effects are rare but they could include:
- Dry mouth
- Visual disturbances
- An abnormally fast resting heart rate
This is not a complete list of side effects. It’s essential that you call your doctor should you notice any severe or odd side effects.
What are the overdose symptoms?
Call your doctor or an ambulance immediately if you notice the following overdose symptoms:
- Struggling to urinate
- Severe dryness of the mouth
- Reddening of your skin
- A rapid heartbeat
- An abnormal breathing pattern