Bromhexine is an over-the-counter respiratory drug.
What are bromhexine’s uses?
Bromhexine, or bromhexine hydrochloride, thins phlegm or mucous in the respiratory tract. It is used in respiratory disorders characterised by excessive mucous, such as asthma, cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive airway disease (COAD).
Its other benefit is its antioxidant properties.
Bromhexine can be administered by itself, or is included in a cough syrup and tablet form.
What dosage should you take?
For daily oral dose:
• Adults: 8-16mg taken 3 - 4 times
• Children aged 5-10: 4mg taken 4 times
• Children under 5: 4mg taken twice
Discuss the dosage from a respirator with your Clicks pharmacist.
What special precautions should you take?
- Take in adequate fluids to reduce the thickness of mucous.
- People with asthma should use with caution as bronchospasm may occur.
- A bronchodilator should be used first if the inhalation is used in the presence of bronchospasm.
- Take care when driving or performing tasks that require you to be alert. Stop if you feel dizzy.
- In pregnancy, consult with your doctor or Clicks pharmacist before using bromhexine.
- Avoid it if breastfeeding.
Bromhexine should be avoided if you suffer from the following conditions:
- Hereditary problems of fructose intolerance (product contains maltitol liquid)
- A penicillin allergy
Bromhexine should be used with caution if you suffer from the following conditions:
- Existing or a history of ulcers
- Liver disease
- Kidney disease
What drug interactions could you experience?
To avoid adverse drug interactions, always inform your doctor or Clicks pharmacist what prescription and non-prescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements and herbal products you are taking or planning to take.
Bromhexine has no known drug interactions.
What are bromhexine’s side effects?
Side effects could include:
This is not a complete list of side effects. It’s essential that you call your doctor should you notice any severe or odd side effects.
What are the overdose symptoms?
Call a doctor or an ambulance immediately if you suspect an overdose, which may include the following symptoms:
- Allergic reactions (from skin rash to bronchospasm or anaphylaxis)
- Swelling of the face (including the mouth, lips, tongue or throat)
- Gastrointestinal bleeding